The current research projects mentioned in this page are tentative only and some of them may not lead to fruition.


Work in Progress/ Under review


I am working on a chapter on “Complex Contractual Relationships - Is there a Need for Special Private International Law Rules on Contractual Chains and Network?” for a book
Elgar Companion on the Hague Conference on Private International Law edited by Thomas John, Rishi Gulati, and Ben Koehler (forthcoming 2019). Also, to develop further from this work, I am also working on an article relating to private international law problems in respect of relational contracts and connected contracts.

I am working on an article (with Sai Ramani Garimella) on the incorporation of arbitration clause from a charter party into a bill of lading.

I am working on updating my chapter contribution on “Jurisdiction and Applicable Law” to the second edition of the book
Maritime Law and Practice in Hong Kong.

Long term project

I am working on a monograph
Marine Insurance - Comparative Common Law Perspectives. This work is under contract with Springer Nature Ltd until the first quarter of 2022.

This work took at the starting point the Marine Insurance Act 1906 of the United Kingdom. This piece of legislation may be viewed as a successful one due to two main reasons. First, it serves as a model for an identical statute in other common law jurisdictions. Secondly, throughout its over 100 years of use, there had been no amendment to this piece of legislation until very recently when the United Kingdom enacted the Insurance Act 2015 and the Enterprises Act 2016. Still, these two statutes do not bring “wholesale” changes to the Marine Insurance Act 1906.

Being such an old statute, the overall scheme of the Marine Insurance Act 1906 is supplemented by case laws and academic commentaries. However, courts in common law jurisdictions are not always consistent in their interpretation of a virtually identical statute. It is on such divergence in such statutory interpretation that becomes a primary focus of this work. The secondary focus of this work is in contemporary developments and attempts at statutory reform. In addition to the English marine insurance law, for comparative purposes the Australian marine insurance law is examined given the
Marine Insurance Act 1909 (Cth) is identical to the marine insurance statute in the United Kingdom. Likewise, the New Zealand marine insurance law with its Marine Insurance Act 1908 similar to that of the United Kingdom s also covered in this book. The scope of this book is also extended to the marine insurance law of Canada since the Marine Insurance Act 1993, which is a federal statute, is based on, if not identical to, the Marine Insurance Act 1906. This book will draw conclusion on convergence and divergence in interpretations of virtually identical texts of the Marine Insurance Act 1906. It will also suggest whether the approaches in the Insurance Act 2015 of the United Kingdom should be followed in other jurisdictions and, if not, which approaches countries in common law jurisdictions inherited legal principles enshrined in the Marine Insurance Act 1906 of the United Kingdom should adopt in considering reforms of their marine insurance legislation. Also, other areas which should be addressed by the statutory reform, but which were disregarded by the English and the Scottish Law Commissions, will be highlighted and suggestions for such reform will be made.